Bicycle tires leak cyclists are checking bicycle wheels closeup. will have to change tire on bike

Changing Bike Tires: How to Change Tires on a Bike in 4 Easy Steps?

Whether you are cycling every day or you are going for a ride over the weekends, or you ride once in a blue moon, sooner or later you will get a flat tire. We know there is nothing worse than getting a flat tire but there is nothing we can do about it except learning “how to change tires on a bike.” Changing bike tires may seem like a daunting task at first, especially if you have never done it before, but believe us changing bike tires’ tubes is quite easier than many novice mechanics may think.

Getting a Flat Tire

Getting a flat tire is the worst nightmare of novice bikers, who have no idea about how to change bike tires or how to fix a flat tire. The mere thought of walking your bike all the way to a nearby mechanic shop or your home could be nerve-racking. But for those who are familiar with the process of changing bike tires, it is no big deal.

Fixing a flat tire usually means changing the tube inside the tire but if the tire is worn out or damaged, you may replace the tire as well.

Necessary Tools for Fixing a Flat Tire

Never go for a bike ride without the flat tire repair kit. A flat tire is bound to happen; you may get a flat tire on your next ride. We hope you don’t get a flat tire on your next ride but you never know. Therefore, you must be always equipped for whatever may come your way—you should always have the flat tire repair kit with you.

For fixing a flat tire or replacing a worn-out tire, you will be needing the following tools and products:

How to Change Tires on a Bike?

The process of changing bike tires is simple: 1) remove the tire, 2) replace the tube and tire (if necessary), 3) install new bike tube and 4) put the tire back onto the wheel.

Let’s discuss the step by step process of changing bike tires:

A. Removing the Wheel

Before you could start fixing the bike tire, you will have to take it off. Here is how to remove a bike tire in 6 easy steps:

  1. Put the bike upside down—removing the bike tire with the bike upright is not possible, it will fall over.
  2. If you do not like turning your bike upside down as it can damage the bike’s seat and handlebars, you can put your bike on its side, with the chain facing up.
  3. If you are doing it in your garage, you should use an upright bike stand that will hold your bike as you work on it.
  4. Adjusting gears to the smallest ring, if you are going to remove the back tire—will make the removal of the tire easier.
  5. If you have to remove the front tire, there is no need to adjust gears.
  6. Removing the quick release lever—it’ll be at the center of the wheel.
  7. Simply pull up the lever and keep turning it until you can remove it—for most bikes, it will come off as the lever is turned to 180degrees.
  8. If you are unable to remove your bike’s tire, you should take a quick look at your bike’s manual.
  9. Removing tire, if there is no quick-release lever—you will be needing a wrench.
  10. Using the wrench (mostly 15mm wrench), loosen the nut at the center of the wheel until it comes off.
  11. If you are unable to move the nut, you may try spraying WD-40. It will make loosening the nut easier.
  12. Detaching the brake cables—in most bikes, brakes are detached with the opening of the quick release. But some features do not have this feature and you have to detach the brakes separately.
  13. Simply squeeze brake calipers and release the cables.
  14. If you are having trouble detaching brakes, you should take a look at your bike’s manual.
  15. Pulling the wheel out—by now your tire is fully released and you can simply lift it off the frame.
  16. For removing the back tire, you will have to move the bike chain to a side to remove the tire.
Tips!
Be careful while removing the tire, especially if you have a disc brake—it could be hot, like really hot.Make sure you don’t contaminate the disc brakes, oils, and lubricants undercut their lifetime and also their performance.Practice makes one perfect. So you can try practicing removing your bike just for the sake of practice in your garage. This will not only boost your confidence but also your skills. So that when you have to do it on a roadside, you don’t feel too overwhelmed.

B. Removing the Tube and Tire

Now that you have removed the tire from the bike, it’s time to remove the tire and tube from the wheel. Here’s how to remove the bike tube and tire in 2 easy steps:

  1. Deflating the tire—different air valves have different ways of releasing air from the tire. However, for all bike valve types, you will first have to first remove the cap on the air valve.
  2. Deflating tires with Schrader (American) valve: You will have to push down the plunger to release eth air. You can use a wrench or some other small tool to press it down.
  3. Deflating tires with Presta valve: just pull up the valve cap after unscrewing and the tire will deflate.
  4. Deflating tires with Dunlop valve: after taking the cap off the valve, pull up on the air valve and air will be released.
  5. Unseating the tire bead—you will be needing two tire levers for this task.
  6. It seems pretty impossible to unseat the tire bead, with tire levers, but if you don’t have tire levers, you can try pushing the tire towards the center of the rim and then work your way around the bead and bring it over the outside edge of the rim.
Caution!
If you do not have tire levers and are not able to unseat and remove the outer tire from the rim, with your hands, do not use alternatives like spoon or screwdrivers. No doubt they will get the job done but they will wreck your wheels, too.
  • If you have tire levers, your task will be much less arduous—simply hook the rounded edge of the lever between the wheel and outer tire and push the other end of the lever towards the spoke and wedge it there. This will make sure that the unseated tire does not go back into the rim.
  • Now put the second tire lever near the first one and start moving the lever in one direction.
  • Keep moving the first lever along as well. Keep going until the whole tire is done.
  • You do not have to use tire levers till the end, once a certain part of the tire bead is free, you will be able to unseat the rest of the bed with your hands.
  • Now push the valve into the tire and pull the valve stem out through the wheel.
  • Now slightly pull and slide out the rest of the tube.
 Tips!
If you are using tire levers, you should start on the tire section that is approximately at the opposite side of the valve. This will keep you from damaging the valve stem with tire levers. You should also be extra careful while pulling the valve out through the rim as sharp edges of the rim can do serious damage to the valve if you are not careful.

C. Bike Tube Replacement: Installing New Bike Inner Tube

Now that you have removed the damaged tube from the tire, it’s time to replace it with a new one. Here is how you can install a new bike inner tube in 3 easy steps:

  • Inspect the tire to find the culprit—you will have to go around the inner of the tire and find something sharp like a thorn, nail, or a piece of glass, that punctured your bike tire.
  • If there is something stuck in the tire, remove it.
Tip! Never put a new tire tube in the tire without first checking for a sharp item that may have damaged the first tube. It is quite possible that the culprit is left unchecked could puncture the new tube. Using valve point as a reference, line the tube with the sure to check where the did it get a leak. You can double-check that area for any foreign object.
  • Unwrapping and inflating the new tire tube
  • Unwrap the new bike tire tube and carefully unfold the tube.
  • Remove the valve cap and lock ring the air valve.
  • Now using a bike air pump inflates the tire a little so that it can hold its shape.
  • Inflating will not only makes installing a new tire tube easier but also helps you avoid twisting or bending the tube during the process.
  • Putting the tube inside the tire
  • With your fingers, press the new tire tube into the tire. Make sure there’s no twist or bend.
  • If you are having trouble pressing the tube into the tire, you should start over by deflating the tube a little.
  • Get the air valve in the air valve hole carefully—make sure it does not get damaged.

D. Putting Bike Tire Back on the Rim

Now that you have put the new tire tube into the tire, it’s time to get the tire back on the wheel. Here is how to put a bike tire back on the rim in 3 easy steps:

  1. Fit the tire on one side of the wheel
  2. Locate the ‘direction of travel arrow’ on the tire. It tells you about the direction in which the tread should be facing. If there is no ‘direction of travel arrow’ on your bike tire, it probably can go in either direction.
  3. Fit the wheel using only your fingers and no tool. Tools can damage your tube.
  4. Simply tug the tire into place on the wheel rim with one hand while pushing with the other.
  5. Fitting the other side of the tire onto the wheel
  6. Now work your way around the wheel rim on the other side.
  7. In the end, you might have to take the help of a tire lever but be very careful as you could puncture your new tire tube.
  8. Make sure the tire bead is perfectly seated and there are no bulges on the tire.
  9. Now that the tire is perfectly seated onto the rim screw the lock ring onto the air valve. The lock ring will hold the tube in place.
  10. If there is no lock ring on your bike tube, do not worry, just skip this step.
  11. Inflating the tire
  12. Now that tire is perfectly seated onto the rim and the valve is locked in place, you can start inflating the tire.
  13. Try inflating the bike tire using a bike pump with a pressure gauge. It will help you measure the pressure level.
  14. The tire should be inflated only to the correct pressure level that will be listed on the tire wall or bike manual. You can also look it up online.

E. Putting the Tire Back onto the Bike

Now that tire is all fixed up, it’s time to put it back onto the bike. Here is how to put back tire on a bike in 3 easy steps:

  1. Putting the wheel back into the forked slot
  2. Simply thread the wheel into the forked slot that holds the tire in place.
  3. If it’s your back tire, you will have to lift the chain aside to put the tire in place.
  4. Now if your bike has a quick-release lever, slide it back into place and tighten and close it.
  5. If your bike has a rod and nuts instead of a quick release, then put the metal rod into the place and tighten the bolts—use a wrench to firmly tighten the nuts.
  6. Make sure that the wheel is perfectly placed and spinning freely.
  7. Reconnecting the detached brakes
  8. Press the bike brake calipers with your hand and slide breaks into their place. squeeze the brake lever to check if the brakes working okay.

That is it!

Now hop on your bike and go for a quick spin round the block to check if everything is working perfectly.

Now that you have learned how to change tires on a bike, maybe you want to look into how to fix bike brakes.